SEQUENCES, SERIES AND DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS:
Sequences and Series of real numbers:
Sequences and series of real numbers. Convergent and divergent sequences, bounded and monotone sequences, Convergence criteria for sequences of real numbers, Cauchy sequences, absolute and conditional convergence; Tests of convergence for series of positive terms – comparison test, ratio test, root test, Leibnitz test for convergence of alternating series.
Functions of one variable:
Mathematics : Vector Space, subspace and its properties, linear independence and dependence of vectors, matrices, rank of,br> matrix, reduction to normal forms, linear homogenous and non-homogenous equations, Cayley-Hamilton theorem, characteristic roots and vectors. De Moivre’s theorem, relation between roots and coefficient of nth degree equation, solution tocubic and biquadratic equation, transformation of equations.
Functions of two real variable:
limit, continuity, partial derivatives, differentiability, maxima and minima. Method of Lagrange multipliers, Homogeneous functions including Euler’s theore
Integration as the inverse process of differentiation, definite integrals and their properties, Fundamental theorem of integral calculus. Double and triple integrals, change of order of integration. Calculating surface areas and volumes using double integrals and applications. Calculating volumes using triple integrals and applications.
Ordinary differential equations of the first order of the form y’=f(x,y). Bernoulli’s equation, exact differential equations, integrating factor, Orthogonal trajectories, Homogeneous differential equations-separable solutions, Linear differential equations of second and higher order with constant coefficients, method of variation of parameters. Cauchy- Euler equation.
Scalar and vector fields, gradient, divergence, curl and Laplacian. Scalar line integrals and vector line integrals, scalar surface integrals and vector surface integrals, Green’s, Stokes and Gauss theorems and their applications.
Groups, subgroups, Abelian groups, non-abelian groups, cyclic groups, permutation groups; Normal subgroups, Lagrange’s Theorem for finite groups, group homomorphisms and basic concepts of quotient groups (only group theory).
Vector spaces, Linear dependence of vectors, basis, dimension, linear transformations, matrix representation with respect to an ordered basis, Range space and null space, rank-nullity theorem; Rank and inverse of a matrix, determinant, solutions of systems of linear equations, consistency conditions. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors. Cayley-Hamilton theorem. Symmetric, skewsymmetric, hermitian, skew-hermitian, orthogonal and unitary atrices.
Interior points, limit points, open sets, closed sets, bounded sets, connected sets, compact sets; completeness of R, Power series (of real variable) including Taylor’s and Maclaurin’s, domain of convergence, term-wise differentiation and integration of power series.